Autism spectrum disorder refers to a range of neurodevelopment disorders characterized by anomalies (repeated patterns of behavior) that can vary in diversity and intensity from one individual to another. It affect about 1 every 100 births.
Early symptoms include difficulties to communicate and interacts with social partners, repeated atypical behaviors, few centers of interest and sometimes disproportionate sensory reactions. Children displaying autism spectrum symptoms appear to be different than children their own age. They rarely make eye contact, may find challenging to have typical discussions with their counterparts and usually focus on restricted centers of interest.
Autism spectrum can present comorbidities such as hyperactivity, anxiety and other OCDs. Some individual with autism can present cognitive difficulties including various intensity of intellectual deficit, operational functions deficits, or the other way around exceptional mental capabilities. It also often comes with sleeping difficulties, nutritional problems and sometimes epilepsy.
Autism is treated in two directions:
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